Cimmerian Timeline Part 49

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656BCE: Noga’anyo, the descendant of Queen Stanasha, led a rebellion against King Lygdamis. Jeutontic and Cecilia declared independence from the Xorian Kingdom.

655BCE: King Lygdamis besieged Cecilia. Tired of the city’s history for betrayal, he assaulted the walls rather than accept a peaceful surrender of the city. Upon gaining entry, Lygdamis pillaged the town before reinstating Xorian control.

654BCE: Noga’anyo moved with the aerial cavalry against Petar, but fell into a trap set by King Lygdamis. The cavalry suffered heavy losses to ballistae hidden around Petar’s rooftops.

651BCE: After five years of grinding war, King Lygdamis besieged Jeutontic. Seeing the end, Noga’anyo ordered her followers to surrender before she committed suicide. Lygdamis felt pity at the sight of her body and her sacrifice for her people. He ordered that she be given a hero’s burial, but outside the Kingdom of Xoria. Noga’anyo’s tomb was made along the southern shore of the Don River to the north of the Xorian Kingdom.

644BCE: The Amazons of Dradelden levied a large tax on the Xorians. To afford the tribute, King Lygdamis invaded Lydia. The Xorians sacked Lydia’s capital of Sardis and killed King Gyges. The treasure was delivered to the Amazons and used to fund their own invasion of Palestine and Egypt.

640BCE: King Lygdamis led an invasion against the Assyrians in Anatolia, hoping they were weak after a series of revolts within the Assyrian Empire. Unfortunately, Lygdamis was killed in one of the initial battles of the campaign. His son, Sandakhshatra succeeded him.

637BCE: King Ardys of Lydia declared war on the Xorians. He used the new Lydian weapon of war dogs to great effect in the battles of the war. Additionally, Ardys gained aid from the Assyrians in his war.

626BCE: The war between Lydia and Xoria concluded. King Ardys now had firm control over Anatolia and Sandakhshatra vowed to not invade or raid into the peninsula for a hundred years.

Next: Cimmerian Timeline Part 50

Cimmerian Timeline Part 48

Previous: Cimmerian Timeline Part 47

Before I can continue the Xorian story I have to add some stuff about the Amazons and the foundation of Dradelden to the timeline. I wrote about the initial Amazon invasion back in my Kingdoms Sprouting Up Part 5 post, but I never committed those events to a particular date. My notes say about 800BCE, so lets get going with that!

799BCE: Amazon Queen Saikolok invaded Western Cimmeria. Her warriors tore through the outlying settlements of Colchis, Nox, Jeutontic, Cecilia, and Makotako. The barbaric warriors were unable to pillage the walled cities themselves. Queen Saikolok concluded peace settlements with each of the city-states in exchange for tribute. She established a colony named Dradelden to be the Amazon power in the area. Saikolok returned to Scythia and left a subordinate in charge.

692BCE: Queen Jakontago felt the power of the Xorian Kingdom was strong enough to end the tribute paid to the Amazons. She ended the payment and immediately the Amazons raided villages within Xoria.

691BCE: Queen Jakontago attacked Dradelden and put the city under siege. Queen Ishpaka of the Amazons brought the main force in from Scythia to relieve Dradelden. A battle ensued outside of the city and Jakontago perished in the fighting. Her brother, Teushpa, succeeded her to the throne. His first act was to reinstate the tribute paid to the Amazons.

679BCE: With the Xorian army recovered King Teushpa led them in an invasion of Assyria.

678BCE: King Esarhaddon of the Assyrians defeated the Xorians. As part of the peace terms, King Teushpa would have to provide one thousand Xorian soldiers for the Assyrian army.

675BCE: To recoup losses from the Assyrian invasion, King Teushpa led the Xorians in a raid through Anatolia. These raids continued every few years throughout Teushpa’s reign.

669BCE: King Teushpa started a war with King Gyges of Lydia, a rising power in Anatolia.

660BCE: King Teushpa died of old age. His son, Lygdamis, was even more aggressive in his attacks against Lydia. King Gyges asked for Assyrian aid.

657BCE: With the help of Assyria, King Gyges defeated Xoria. As part of the peace terms, King Lygdamis relinquished Xorian control over Urartu.

Next: Cimmerian Timeline Part 49

Cimmerian Timeline Part 47

Previous: Cimmerian Timeline Part 46

I get to mix in that historical Cimmeria stuff I was posting about earlier. Hurray!

770BCE: Free from war with Nox, King Cotinasath of Jeutontic declared war against the town of Cecilia. A port would allow for greater trade income for the crown.

766BCE: After a lengthy siege, a group of merchants opened the gates of Cecilia and betrayed the city to King Cotinasath. Cecilia joined the Kingdom of Jeutontic.

723BCE: King Cristonton’s aggressive grandson, Kitanotaga, ascended to the throne. He immediately declared war on the Kingdom of Jeutontic.

721BCE: The bread basket of Petar gave the Xorian Kingdom the population to push through the Jeutontic aerial defense. The new queen Stanasha of Jeutontic was captured and forced to surrender the city to King Kitanotaga.

720BCE: King Kitanotaga consolidated control over Jeutontic and quietly had Queen Stanasha assassinated. He then moved against Cecilia and put the city under siege. Merchants within the port once again betrayed the city and opened the gates for the invaders. The Xorian Kingdom now controlled Nox, Petar, Jeutontic, and Cecilia.

715BCE: The Assyrians invaded Urartu and invited the Xorians to participate as well. King Kitanotaga led his army on a raiding expedition south into Urartu.

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Historical Cimmeria

I write a lot of stuff about my D&D campaign world which I’ve dubbed Cimmeria. I’ve plopped the Greek Pantheon of gods into Cimmeria to use. Its easy for my players and me to remember which god is which and there’s a deep reservoir of myths to aid storytelling. Most of you probably already know these things from reading my blog. What you might not’ve known is that Cimmeria was a place attested to in The Histories of Herodotus and a few other early histories. Whether that makes the place “real” or not is probably up to how trustworthy you consider those sources. Regardless, there is some historical justification for why the geographical region of my D&D campaign world is called Cimmeria.

The historical Cimmerians are described in the Assyrian archives from about 700-600BCE. They engaged in a number of border skirmishes with the Assyrians and other ethnic groups around the northern coast of the Black Sea. After 600BCE they disappear from the historical record. It is likely that after a particularly harsh defeat by the Assyrians that the Cimmerians were assimilated into one of the other cultures in the area. As they sought protection from that stronger group they ceased to be a distinct people.

I’d like to incorporate the historical events into my campaign world. The dates are a little uncertain with different historians using different dates. I’ve decided to use the estimates provided in The Landmark Herodotus. The rough events are detailed below. I’ll need to incorporate them into the story, but that will have to wait until after I’m done with The Days of Kruk-Ma-Kali and have gotten a decent way into the Time of Prosperity period. Basically, I want to finish everything else in my campaign world up to 600BCE and then wedge in the historical events however they fit. Probably as the early history of the Xorian Kingdom.

So here are the historical events for Cimmeria with the dates I’ve decided to plop on them.

714BCE: Suicide of Rusas I of Urartu, after defeat by both the Assyrians and Cimmerians.

705BCE: Sargon II of Assyria died on an expedition against the Cimmerians.

695BCE: Cimmerians destroyed Phrygia. Death of king Midas.

679BCE: Cimmerians invaded under King Teushpa. Assyrians led by Esarhaddon defeated Cimmeria and incorporated a Cimmeria unit into army.

676-674BCE: Cimmerians invaded and destroyed Phrygia, and reached Paphlagonia.

669BCE: Attacked Lydia.

660BCE: Teushpa died, but his son Lygdamis was even more aggressive. Gyges asked for Assyrian aid.

657BCE: Gyges defeated Cimmeria.

651BCE: Cimmeria civil war. Tomb along Don River.

644BCE: Cimmerians pressured out by Amazons, captured Sardis and killed Gyges.

640BCE: Failed attack on Assyrian turkey and death of Cimmeria King Lygdamis. Succeeded by King Sandakhshatra.

626BCE: Lydian Alyattes defeated Cimmerians.